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45棋牌下载

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                    娱乐正规网址-Welcome北斗牛牛---45棋牌下载_欢迎您广州棋牌---45棋牌下载_欢迎您乐酷棋牌---45棋牌下载_欢迎您疯狂牛牛安卓---45棋牌下载_欢迎您
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                    《关于中美经贸摩擦的事实与中方立场》白皮书 (全文)

                    2018-06-21 13:45:17

                      GUOWUYUANXINWENBANGONGSHI6YUE2RIFABIAO《GUANYUZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGDEZHONGFANGLICHANG》BAIPISHU。QUANWENRUXIA:

                    关于中美经贸磋商的中方立场

                    中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室

                    (2019年6月)

                      目录

                      QIANYAN

                      YI、MEIGUOTIAOQIDUIHUAJINGMAOMOCASUNHAILIANGGUOHEQUANQIULIYI

                    45棋牌下载  ER、MEIGUOZAIZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGZHONGCHUERFANER、BUJIANGCHENGXIN

                      SAN、ZHONGGUOSHIZHONGJIANCHIPINGDENG、HULI、CHENGXINDECUOSHANGLICHANG

                      JIESHUYU

                      前言

                      ZHONGMEIJINGMAOGUANXISHILIANGGUOGUANXIDE“YACANGSHI”HE“TUIJINQI”,SHIGUANLIANGGUORENMINGENBENLIYI,SHIGUANSHIJIEFANRONGYUWENDING。LIANGGUOJIANJIAOYILAI,SHUANGBIANJINGMAOGUANXICHIXUFAZHAN,HEZUOLINGYUBUDUANTUOKUAN,HEZUOSHUIPINGBUDUANTIGAO,XINGCHENGLEGAODUHUBU、LIYIJIAORONGDEHULIGONGYINGGUANXI,BUJINLIANGGUOSHOUYI,ERQIEHUIJIQUANQIU。

                      YOUYUFAZHANJIEDUAN、JINGJIZHIDUBUTONG,LIANGGUOZAIJINGMAOHEZUOZHONGNANMIANCHUXIANFENQIHEMOCA。ZAIZHONGMEIJINGMAOGUANXIFAZHANLICHENGZHONG,YECENGDUOCICHUXIANBOZHE、MIANLINKUNNANJUMIAN。LIANGGUOBENZHELIXING、HEZUODETAIDU,TONGGUODUIHUAXIESHANGJIEJUEWENTI,HUAJIELEMAODUN、SUOXIAOLEFENQI,SHUANGBIANJINGMAOGUANXIGENGQUCHENGSHU。

                      2017NIANXINYIJIEMEIGUOZHENGFUSHANGRENYILAI,YIJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDENGSHOUDUANXIANGWEIXIE,PINPINTIAOQIYUZHUYAOMAOYIHUOBANZHIJIANDEJINGMAOMOCA。2018NIAN3YUEYILAI,ZHENDUIMEIGUOZHENGFUDANFANGMIANFAQIDEZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCA,ZHONGGUOBUDEBUCAIQUYOULIYINGDUICUOSHI,JIANJUEHANWEIGUOJIAHERENMINLIYI。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOSHIZHONGJIANCHITONGGUODUIHUAXIESHANGJIEJUEZHENGYIDEJIBENLICHANG,YUMEIGUOKAIZHANDUOLUNJINGMAOCUOSHANG,NULIWENDINGSHUANGBIANJINGMAOGUANXI。ZHONGGUODETAIDUSHIYIGUANDE、MINGQUEDE。ZHONGMEIHEZELIANGLI,DOUZEJUSHANG,HEZUOSHISHUANGFANGWEIYIZHENGQUEDEXUANZE。DUIYULIANGGUOJINGMAOFENQIHEMOCA,ZHONGGUOYUANYICAIQUHEZUODEFANGSHIJIAYIJIEJUE,TUIDONGDACHENGHULISHUANGYINGDEXIEYI。DANHEZUOSHIYOUYUANZEDE,CUOSHANGSHIYOUDIXIANDE,ZAIZHONGDAYUANZEWENTISHANGZHONGGUOJUEBURANGBU。DUIYUMAOYIZHAN,ZHONGGUOBUYUANDA,BUPADA,BIYAOSHIBUDEBUDA,ZHEIGETAIDUYIZHIMEIBIAN。

                    45棋牌下载  WEIQUANMIANJIESHAOZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGJIBENQINGKUANG,CHANMINGZHONGGUODUIZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGDEZHENGCELICHANG,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUTEFABUCIBAIPISHU。

                      一、美国挑起对华经贸摩擦损害两国和全球利益

                      XIANRENMEIGUOZHENGFUFENGXING“MEIGUOYOUXIAN”ZHENGCE,DUIWAICAIQUYIXILIEDANBIANZHUYIHEBAOHUZHUYICUOSHI,DONGZHESHIYONGGUANSHUI“DABANG”,JIANGZISHENLIYISUQIUQIANGJIAYUTAGUO。MEIGUOQIYONGCHENFENGDUONIANDE“201DIAOCHA”“232DIAOCHA”DENGSHOUDUAN,DUIGEZHUYAOMAOYIHUOBANPINPINCHUSHOU,JIAOLUANQUANQIUJINGMAOGEJU。MEIGUOHAIJIANGMAOTOUDUIZHUNZHONGGUO,YU2017NIAN8YUEQIDONGDANBIANSECAINONGHOUDE“301DIAOCHA”,WUSHIZHONGGUODUONIANLAIZAIJIAQIANGZHISHICHANQUANBAOHU、GAISHANWAIZIYINGSHANGHUANJINGDENGFANGMIANDEBUXIENULIHEQUDEDEJUDACHENGJI,DUIZHONGGUOZUOCHUZHUDUOBUKEGUANDEFUMIANPINGJIA,CAIQUJIAZHENGGUANSHUI、XIANZHITOUZIDENGJINGMAOXIANZHICUOSHI,TIAOQIZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCA。

                    1.jpg

                      MEIGUOWUSHIZHONGMEIJINGJIJIEGOU、FAZHANJIEDUANTEDIANHEGUOJICHANYEFENGONGXIANSHI,JIANCHIRENWEIZHONGGUOCAIQUBUGONGPING、BUDUIDENGDEMAOYIZHENGCE,DAOZHIMEIGUOCHUXIANDUIHUAMAOYINICHA,ZAISHUANGBIANJINGMAOJIAOWANGZHONG“CHILEKUI”,BINGDUIHUACAIQUDANBIANJIAZHENGGUANSHUICUOSHI。SHISHISHANG,ZAIJINGJIQUANQIUHUASHIDAI,ZHONGMEILIANGGUOJINGJIGAODURONGHE,GONGTONGGOUCHENGWANZHENGDECHANYELIAN,LIANGGUOJINGJILIANGUDAIJIN、HULIGONGYING,BAMAOYINICHADANGZUO“CHIKUI”SHISUANCUOLEZHANG。MEIGUODUIZHONGGUOCAIQUDEMAOYIXIANZHICUOSHIBULIYUZHONGGUO,YEBULIYUMEIGUO,GENGBULIYUQUANQIU。

                    222.jpg

                      (YI)MEIGUOJIAZHENGGUANSHUICUOSHISUNRENBULIJI

                    45棋牌下载  MEIGUOZHENGFUDUIZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,ZUAISHUANGBIANMAOYITOUZIHEZUO,YINGXIANGLIANGGUONAIZHIQUANQIUSHICHANGXINXINHEJINGJIPINGWENYUNXING。MEIGUODEGUANSHUICUOSHIDAOZHIZHONGGUODUIMEICHUKOUEXIAHUA,2019NIAN1YUEZHI4YUETONGBIXIAJIANG9.7%(ZHU4),LIANXU5GEYUEXIAJIANG。TONGSHI,YOUYUZHONGGUOBUDEBUZHENDUIMEIGUOJIASHUICAIQUJIAZHENGGUANSHUIYINGDUI,MEIGUODUIHUACHUKOULIANXU8GEYUEXIAJIANG(ZHU5)。ZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCADAILAIDEBUQUEDINGXINGSHILIANGGUOQIYEDUIKAIZHANTOUZIHEZUOCHIGUANWANGTAIDU,ZHONGGUODUIMEITOUZICHIXUXIAHUA,MEIGUODUIHUATOUZIZENGSUYEMINGXIANJIANGDI。JUZHONGGUOYOUGUANFANGMIANTONGJI,2018NIANZHONGGUOQIYEDUIMEIZHIJIETOUZI57.9YIMEIYUAN,TONGBIXIAJIANG10%(ZHU6)。2018NIANMEIGUOSHIJIDUIHUATOUZIJINE26.9YIMEIYUAN(ZHU7),ZENGSUCONG2017NIANDE11%DAFUHUILUOZHI1.5%。YOUYUZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCAQIANJINGBUMING,SHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIJIANG2019NIANQUANQIUMAOYIZENGZHANGSUDUYOU3.7%XIADIAOZHI2.6%(ZHU8)。

                      (ER)MAOYIZHANMEIYOUJIMEIGUODAILAISUOWEIDE“ZAICIWEIDA”

                      JIAZHENGGUANSHUICUOSHIBUJINMEIYOUTUIDONGMEIGUOJINGJIZENGZHANG,FANERDAILAILEYANZHONGSHANGHAI。

                      YISHITIGAOMEIGUOQIYESHENGCHANCHENGBEN。ZHONGMEIZHIZAOYEXIANGHUYICUNDUHENGAO,XUDUOMEIGUOZHIZAOSHANGYILAIZHONGGUODEYUANCAILIAOHEZHONGJIANPIN,DUANQINEINANYIZHAODAOHESHIDETIDAIGONGYINGSHANG,ZHINENGCHENGDANJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDECHENGBEN。

                      ERSHITAISHENGMEIGUOGUONEIWUJIA。JINKOUZHONGGUOWUMEIJIALIANDEXIAOFEIPINSHIMEIGUOTONGZHANGLVZHANGQIBAOCHIDIWEIDEZHONGYAOYINSUZHIYI。JIAZHENGGUANSHUIHOU,ZHONGGUOCHANPINZUIZHONGXIAOSHOUJIAGETIGAO,SHIJISHANGMEIGUOXIAOFEIZHEYECHENGDANLEGUANSHUICHENGBEN。MEIGUOQUANGUOLINGSHOUSHANGLIANHEHUIYANJIUXIANSHI,JINDUIZHONGGUOJIAJUZHENGSHOU25%GUANSHUIYIXIANG,JIUSHIMEIGUOXIAOFEIZHEMEINIANDUOFUCHU46YIMEIYUANDEEWAIZHICHU(ZHU9)。

                      SANSHIYINGXIANGMEIGUOJINGJIZENGZHANGHEMINSHENG。MEIGUOSHANGHUIHERONGDINGJITUAN2019NIAN3YUELIANHEFABUDEBAOGAOXIANSHI,SHOUZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCAYINGXIANG,2019NIANJIWEILAI4NIANMEIGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIJIANGKENENGMEINIANJIANSHAO640YIZHI910YIMEIYUAN,YUEZHANMEIGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZONGEDE0.3%-0.5%。RUMEIGUODUISUOYOUZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINZHENGSHOU25%GUANSHUI,WEILAI10NIANMEIGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIJIANGLEIJIJIANSHAO1WANYIMEIYUAN(ZHU10)。MEIGUOZHIKU“MAOYIHUOBAN”(Trade Partnership)2019NIAN2YUEFABUDEYANJIUBAOGAOXIANSHI,RUMEIGUODUISUOYOUZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENG25%DEGUANSHUI,MEIGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIJIANGJIANSHAO1.01%,JIUYEGANGWEIJIANGJIANSHAO216WANGE,YIGESIKOUZHIJIAMEINIANZHICHUJIANGZENGJIA2294MEIYUAN(ZHU11)。

                      SISHIZUAIMEIDUIHUACHUKOU。MEIZHONGMAOYIQUANGUOWEIYUANHUI2019NIAN5YUE1RIFABUDE《GEZHOUDUIHUACHUKOUBAOGAO——2019》ZHICHU,2009NIANZHI2018NIANSHINIANJIAN,MEIGUODUIHUACHUKOUZHICHENGLECHAOGUO110WANGEMEIGUOJIUYEGANGWEI,ZHONGGUOSHICHANGDUIMEIGUOJINGJIZHIGUANZHONGYAO。ZAICISHINIANZHONG,MEIGUO48GEZHOUDUIHUAHUOWUCHUKOUSHIXIANLEIJIZENGZHANG,QIZHONG44GEZHOUSHIXIANLIANGWEISHUZENGZHANG,DANZAIZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCAJIAJUDE2018NIAN,MEIGUOJINYOU16GEZHOUDUIHUAHUOWUCHUKOUSHIXIANZENGZHANG,34GEZHOUDUIHUACHUKOUXIAJIANG,QIZHONG24GEZHOUCHUXIANLIANGWEISHUJIANGFU,ZHONGXIBUNONGYEZHOUSHOUSUNZUIWEIYANZHONG。SHOUGUANSHUICUOSHIYINGXIANGDEMEIGUONONGCHANPINDUIHUACHUKOUTONGBIJIANSHAO33.1%,QIZHONGDADOUJIANGFUJIN50%,MEIGUOYEJIEDANXINCONGCISHIQUPEIYULEJIN40NIANDEZHONGGUOSHICHANG。

                    45棋牌下载  (SAN)MEIGUOMAOYIBALINGXINGJINGYANGJIQUANQIU

                    45棋牌下载  JINGJIQUANQIUHUASHIBUKEZUDANGDESHIDAICHAOLIU,YILINWEIHEDEDANBIANZHUYI、BAOHUZHUYIBUDERENXIN。MEIGUOCAIQUDEYIXILIEMAOYIBAOHUCUOSHI,WEIFANSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIGUIZE,SUNHAIDUOBIANMAOYITIZHI,YANZHONGGANRAOQUANQIUCHANYELIANHEGONGYINGLIAN,SUNHAISHICHANGXINXIN,JIQUANQIUJINGJIFUSUDAILAIYANJUNTIAOZHAN,JIJINGJIQUANQIUHUAQUSHIZAOCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE。

                      YISHISUNHAIDUOBIANMAOYITIZHIQUANWEI。MEIGUOYIJUGUONEIFAFAQI“201”“232”“301”DENGYIXILIEDANBIANDIAOCHA,BINGCAIQUJIAZHENGGUANSHUICUOSHI,YANZHONGWEIFANSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIZUIJIBENZUIHEXINDEZUIHUIGUODAIYU、GUANSHUIYUESHUDENGGUIZE。ZHEIZHONGDANBIANZHUYI、BAOHUZHUYIXINGWEIBUJINSUNHAIZHONGGUOHEQITACHENGYUANLIYI,GENGSUNHAILESHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIJIQIZHENGDUANJIEJUEJIZHIDEQUANWEIXING,SHIDUOBIANMAOYITIZHIHEGUOJIMAOYIZHIXUMIANLINXIANJING。

                      ERSHIWEIXIEQUANQIUJINGJIZENGZHANG。QUANQIUJINGJISHANGWEIWANQUANZOUCHUGUOJIJINRONGWEIJIDEYINYING,MEIGUOZHENGFUSHENGJIJINGMAOMOCA、TIGAOGUANSHUISHUIPING,XIANGGUANGUOJIABUDEBUCAIQUXIANGYINGCUOSHI,DAOZHIQUANQIUJINGMAOZHIXUWENLUAN,ZUAIQUANQIUJINGJIFUSU,YANGJIGEGUOQIYEFAZHANHERENMINFUZHI,SHIQUANQIUJINGJILUORU“SHUAITUIXIANJING”。2019NIAN1YUE,SHIJIEYINXINGFABU《QUANQIUJINGJIZHANWANG》BAOGAO,JIANG2019NIANQUANQIUJINGJIZENGZHANGYUQIJINYIBUJIANGZHI2.9%,MAOYIGUANXICHIXUJINZHANGSHIZHUYAOXIAXINGFENGXIANZHIYI(ZHU12)。GUOJIHUOBIJIJINZUZHI2019NIAN4YUEFABUDE《SHIJIEJINGJIZHANWANG》BAOGAO,JIANG2019NIANQUANQIUJINGJIZENGZHANGYUQICONG2018NIANYUJIDE3.6%XIADIAOZHI3.3%,BINGBIAOSHIJINGMAOMOCAKENENGHUIJINYIBUYIZHIQUANQIUJINGJIZENGZHANG,JIXUXUERUOBENYIPIRUODETOUZI(ZHU13)。

                    45棋牌下载  SANSHIRAOLUANQUANQIUCHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIAN。ZHONGMEIDOUSHIQUANQIUCHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。ZHONGGUODUIMEICHUKOUDEZUIZHONGCHANPINZHONGBAOHANDALIANGCONGTAGUOJINKOUDEZHONGJIANCHANPINHELINGBUJIAN。MEIGUODUILAIZIZHONGGUODEJINKOUCHANPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,SHOUHAIDEJIANGSHIBAOKUOMEIGUOQIYEZAINEIDEYUZHONGGUOQIYEHEZUODEZHONGDUOKUAGUOGONGSI。JIAZHENGGUANSHUICUOSHIDAOZHIGONGYINGLIANCHENGBENRENWEIZENGJIA,YINGXIANGGONGYINGLIANDEWENDINGHEANQUAN。BUFENQIYEBEIPODIAOZHENGGONGYINGLIANQUANQIUBUJU,QUANQIUZIYUANWUFASHIXIANZUIJIAPEIZHI。

                      KEYIYUJIAN,MEIGUOZUIXINCAIQUDEDUIHUAGUANSHUISHENGJICUOSHI,BUDANJIEJUEBULEWENTI,HAIJIANGJINYIBUSUNHAIGEFANGLIYI,ZHONGGUODUICIJIANJUEFANDUI。JINQI,MEIGUOZHENGFUYISUOWEIGUOJIAANQUANDE“MOXUYOU”MINGYI,LIANXUDUIHUAWEIDENGDUOJIAZHONGGUOQIYESHISHI“ZHANGBEIGUANXIA”ZHICAI,ZHONGGUOTONGYANGJIANJUEFANDUI。

                      二、美国在中美经贸磋商中出尔反尔、不讲诚信

                      MEIGUOTIAOQIJINGMAOMOCAHOU,ZHONGGUOBUDEBUCAIQUYINGDUICUOSHI,LIANGGUOMAOYI、TOUZIGUANXISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。SHUANGFANGCONGLIANGGUORENMINFUZHIXUYAO、CONGGEZIJINGJIFAZHANXUYAOCHUFA,DOURENWEIYOUBIYAOZUOXIALAIJINXINGTANPAN,TONGGUOCUOSHANGJIEJUEWENTI。ZI2018NIAN2YUEJINGMAOCUOSHANGQIDONGYILAI,YIQUDEHENDAJINZHAN,LIANGGUOJIUDABUFENNEIRONGDACHENGGONGSHI,DANCUOSHANGYEJINGLILEJICIBOZHE,MEICIBOZHEDOUYUANYUMEIGUODEWEIBEIGONGSHI、CHUERFANER、BUJIANGCHENGXIN。

                      (YI)DIYICICHUERFANER

                      ZHONGGUOCONGYIKAISHIJIUZHUZHANG,ZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCAYINGTONGGUOTANPANCUOSHANGJIEJUE。2018NIAN2YUECHU,MEIGUOZHENGFUTICHUXIWANGZHONGGUOPAIGAOJIBIEDAIBIAOTUANFUMEIJINXINGJINGMAOCUOSHANG。ZHONGGUOZHANSHILEJIDACHENGYI,ZUOCHUJIJINULI,XIANHOUYUMEIGUOJUXINGLESHULUNGAOJIBIEJINGMAOCUOSHANG,ZHONGDIANJIUMAOYIBUPINGHENGDENGWENTISHENRUJIAOHUANYIJIAN,BINGJIUKUODAZIMEIGUOJINKOUNONGCHANPIN、NENGYUANCHANPINDENGCHUBUDACHENGGONGSHI,QUDEZHONGYAOJINZHAN。DANSHI,2018NIAN3YUE22RI,MEIGUOZHENGFUPAOCHUSUOWEIDUIHUA“301DIAOCHA”BAOGAO,DUIZHONGGUOTICHU“DAOQIEZHISHICHANQUAN”“QIANGZHIJISHUZHUANRANG”DENGBUSHIZHIZE,BINGJIYUCIXUANCHENGJIANGDUICONGZHONGGUOJINKOUDEJIAZHI500YIMEIYUANSHANGPINJIAZHENG25%GUANSHUI。

                    45棋牌下载  (ER)DIERCICHUERFANER

                    45棋牌下载  ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYILIANGGUOGUANXIDAJUWEIZHONG,ZAICIPAICHUGONGZUOTUANDUITONGMEIGUOJINXINGLERENZHENCUOSHANG。2018NIAN5YUE19RI,ZHONGMEIFABULIANHESHENGMING,DACHENGLE“SHUANGFANGBUDAMAOYIZHAN”DEGONGSHI,TONGYIJIXUBAOCHIGAOCENGGOUTONG,JIJIXUNQIUJIEJUEGEZIGUANZHUDEJINGMAOWENTI。MEIGUOGONGKAIBIAOSHI,ZANTINGTUIJINDUIHUAJIAZHENGGUANSHUIJIHUA。2018NIAN5YUE29RI,MEIGUOZHENGFUBUGUGUONEIGONGSHANGJIEHEGUANGDAMINZHONGDEFANDUI,ZAISHUANGFANGFABULIANHESHENGMINGJIN10TIANHOUJIUTUIFANCUOSHANGGONGSHI,DUIZHONGGUODEJINGJITIZHI、MAOYIZHENGCEHENGJIAZHIZE,XUANBUJIANGJIXUTUIJINJIAZHENGGUANSHUIJIHUA。ZI2018NIAN7YUECHUYILAI,MEIGUOFENSANCIDUI500YIMEIYUANZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENG25%DEGUANSHUI、DUI2000YIMEIYUANZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENG10%DEGUANSHUI,BINGCHENGZI2019NIAN1YUE1RIQIJIANGSHUILVTIGAOZHI25%。MEIGUOHAIWEIXIEYAODUISHENGYUSUOYOUZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,DAOZHILIANGGUOJIANDEJINGMAOMOCAKUAISUSHENGJI。ZHONGGUOWEIHANWEIGUOJIAZUNYANHERENMINLIYI,BUDEBUZUOCHUBIYAOFANYING,LEIJIDUI1100YIMEIYUANMEIGUOSHUHUASHANGPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUI。

                      (SAN)DISANCICHUERFANER

                      2018NIAN11YUE1RI,MEIGUOZONGTONGTELANGPUTONGXIJINPINGZHUXITONGDIANHUA,BINGTIYIJUXINGLIANGGUOYUANSHOUHUIWU。12YUE1RI,ZHONGMEILIANGGUOYUANSHOUZAIAGENTINGERSHIGUOJITUANLINGDAORENFENGHUIQIJIANJUXINGHUIWU,JIUSHUANGBIANJINGMAOWENTIDACHENGZHONGYAOGONGSHI,TONGYITINGZHIXIANGHUJIAZHENGXINDEGUANSHUI,ZAI90TIANNEIJIAJINKAIZHANCUOSHANG,CHAOZHEQUXIAOSUOYOUJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDEFANGXIANGNULI。CIHOU90TIANLI,ZHONGMEIGONGZUOTUANDUIZAIBEIJINGHEHUASHENGDUNJUXING3LUNGAOJIBIECUOSHANG,JIUZHONGMEIJINGMAOXIEYIDEYUANZENEIRONGDACHENGXUDUOCHUBUGONGSHI。2019NIAN2YUE25RI,MEIFANGXUANBUTUICHIYUANDINGDE3YUE1RIQIDUIJIAZHI2000YIMEIYUANZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINTIGAOGUANSHUIDEQIXIAN。3YUEDIZHI4YUEDI,LIANGGUOGONGZUOTUANDUIYOUJINXING3LUNGAOJIBIECUOSHANG,QUDESHIZHIXINGJINZHAN。JINGGUODUOLUNCUOSHANG,LIANGGUOYIJIUDABUFENWENTIDACHENGYIZHI。ZHENDUIYILIUWENTI,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUTICHU,SHUANGFANGYAOHULIANGHURANG,GONGTONGXUNZHAOJIEJUEFENQIDEBANFA。

                    45棋牌下载  RANER,MEIGUOZHENGFUDECUNJINCHI,CAIQUBALINGZHUYITAIDUHEJIXIANSHIYASHOUDUAN,JIANCHIBUHELIDEGAOYAOJIA,JIANCHIBUQUXIAOJINGMAOMOCAYILAIJIAZHENGDEQUANBUGUANSHUI,JIANCHIZAIXIEYIZHONGXIERUSHEJIZHONGGUOZHUQUANSHIWUDEQIANGZHIXINGYAOQIU,DAOZHISHUANGFANGCHICHIWEINENGMIHESHENGYUFENQI。2019NIAN5YUE6RI,MEIGUOBUFUZERENDIZHIZEZHONGGUOLICHANG“DAOTUI”,QITUJIANGTANPANQIWEIWANCHENGDEZERENGUIJIUYUZHONGGUO,BINGBUGUZHONGGUOJIANJUEFANDUI,ZI5YUE10RIQIJIANG2000YIMEIYUANZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUISHUILVYOU10%TIGAOZHI25%,DAOZHIZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGYANZHONGSHOUCUO。5YUE13RI,MEIGUOXUANBUQIDONGDUISHENGYUYUE3000YIMEIYUANZHONGGUOSHUMEISHANGPINJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDECHENGXU。SHANGSHUJUDONGYUZHONGMEIYUANSHOUTONGGUOCUOSHANGHUAJIEMOCADEGONGSHIXIANGBEI,YULIANGGUOHESHIJIEGEGUORENMINDEQIDAIXIANGBEI,JISHUANGBIANJINGMAOCUOSHANGHESHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGQIANJINGMENGSHANGLEYINYING。WEIHANWEIZISHENLIYI,ZHONGGUOBUDEBUCAIQUJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDECUOSHIYUYIYINGDUI。

                      (SI)ZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGYANZHONGSHOUCUO,ZERENWANQUANZAIMEIGUOZHENGFU

                      MEIGUOZHENGFUZHIZEZHONGGUOZAICUOSHANGZHONG“KAIDAOCHE”WANQUANSHIWUJIZHITAN。ZAISHUANGFANGCUOSHANGRENGZAIJINXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIUWENBENNEIRONGJIXIANGGUANBIAOSHUTICHUXIUGAIJIANYI、ZUOCHUDIAOZHENG,ZHEISHIMAOYITANPANDETONGCHANGZUOFA,MEIGUOZHENGFUZAIGUOQUSHIYULUNTANPANZHONGCENGBUDUANDIAOZHENGXIANGGUANSUQIU,SUIYIZHIZEZHONGFANG“DAOTUI”SHIBUFUZERENDE。LISHIJINGYANZHENGMING,SHITUTONGGUOPOZANGSHUI、CHAITAI、JIXIANSHIYADENGSHOUDUANDACHENGXIEYI,ZHIHUIPOHUAISHUANGFANGHEZUOGUANXI,CUOSHILISHIJIYU。

                    45棋牌下载  JUNZIZHIGUO,XIANLIHOUBING。MEIGUOTICHUXINDEGUANSHUIWEIXIEHOU,GUOJISHEHUIPUBIANDANYOUZHONGGUOKENENGQUXIAOFUMEICUOSHANGJIHUA,GUANZHUZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGHEQUHECONG。ZHONGGUOCONGWEIHUZHONGMEIJINGMAOGUANXIDEDAJUCHUFA,BAOCHILIXING、KEZHIDETAIDU,ANZHAOSHUANGFANGCIQIANYUEDING,YU2019NIAN5YUE9RIZHI10RIPAICHUGAOJIBIEDAIBIAOTUANFUMEIJINXINGDISHIYILUNJINGMAOCUOSHANG,ZHANSHIYUMEIGUOTONGGUODUIHUAJIEJUEJINGMAOFENQIDEZUIDACHENGYIHEFUZERENTAIDU。ZHONGMEISHUANGFANGJINXINGLETANCHENG、JIANSHEXINGDEJIAOLIU,TONGYINULIGUANKONGFENQI,JIXUTUIJINCUOSHANG。ZHONGGUODUIMEIGUODANBIANJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDEZUOFABIAODAQIANGLIEFANDUI,CHANMINGYANZHENGLICHANG,BIAOSHIJIANGBUDEBUCAIQUBIYAOCUOSHIYUYIHUIJI。ZHONGGUOZAICIQIANGDIAO,JINGMAOXIEYIBIXUSHIPINGDENG、HULIDE,ZAISHEJIZHONGGUOHEXINLIYIDEZHONGDAYUANZEWENTISHANGJUEBUHUIRANGBU。SHUANGFANGDACHENGXIEYIDEQIANTISHIMEIGUOQUXIAOQUANBUJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,CAIGOUYAOFUHESHIJI,TONGSHIQUEBAOXIEYIWENBENPINGHENG,FUHESHUANGFANGGONGTONGLIYI。

                      三、中国始终坚持平等、互利、诚信的磋商立场

                      ZHONGGUOZHENGFUSHIZHONGRENWEI,YIMAOYIZHANXIANGWEIXIE,BUDUANJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDEZUOFAWUYIYUJINGMAOWENTIDEJIEJUE。ZHONGMEIYINGBINGCHIXIANGHUZUNZHONG、PINGDENGHULIDEJINGSHEN,BENZHESHANYIHECHENGXIN,TONGGUOCUOSHANGJIEJUEWENTI,SUOXIAOFENQI,KUODAGONGTONGLIYI,GONGTONGWEIHUQUANQIUJINGJIWENDINGHEFAZHAN。

                      (YI)CUOSHANGYAOXIANGHUZUNZHONG、PINGDENGHULI

                    45棋牌下载  ZUOWEISHIJIESHANGZUIDADELIANGGEJINGJITIHEMAOYIDAGUO,ZHONGMEIJINGMAOHEZUOZHONGCUNZAIYIXIEFENQISHIZHENGCHANGDE,GUANJIANSHIRUHEZENGJINHUXIN、CUJINHEZUO、GUANKONGFENQI。ZHONGGUOCONGWEIHULIANGGUOGONGTONGLIYIHESHIJIEMAOYIZHIXUDAJUCHUFA,JIANCHITONGGUODUIHUAXIESHANGJIEJUEWENTI,YIZUIDADENAIXINHECHENGYIHUIYINGMEIGUOTICHUDEGUANQIE,YIQIUTONGCUNYIDETAIDUTUOSHANCHULIFENQI,KEFUGEZHONGKUNNAN,TICHUWUSHIJIEJUEFANGAN,WEITUIDONGSHUANGBIANJINGMAOCUOSHANGZUOCHUJIANKUNULI。CUOSHANGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHONGGUOSHIZHONGBINGCHIXIANGHUZUNZHONG、PINGDENGHULIDEYUANZE,ZHILIYUTUIDONGDACHENGSHUANGFANGDOUNENGJIESHOUDEXIEYI。

                    45棋牌下载  XIANGHUZUNZHONG,JIUSHIYAOZUNZHONGDUIFANGSHEHUIZHIDU、JINGJITIZHI、FAZHANDAOLUHEQUANLI,ZUNZHONGBICIHEXINLIYIHEZHONGDAGUANQIE,BUTIAOZHAN“DIXIAN”,BUYUYUE“HONGXIAN”,BUNENGYIXISHENGYIFANGDEFAZHANQUANWEIDAIJIA,GENGBUNENGSUNHAIYIGUODEZHUQUAN。PINGDENGHULI,JIUSHISHUANGFANGCUOSHANGDEDIWEISHIPINGDENGDE,CUOSHANGCHENGGUOSHIHULIDE,ZUIZHONGDACHENGDEXIEYISHISHUANGYINGDE。RUGUOYIFANGQIANGYALINGYIFANGJINXINGTANPAN,HUOZHETANPANJIEGUOJINRANGDANFANGDELI,ZHEIYANGDETANPANBUHUIQUDECHENGGONG。

                      (ER)CUOSHANGYAOXIANGXIANGERXING、CHENGXINWEIBEN

                    45棋牌下载  CUOSHANGXUYAOSHUANGFANGXIANGHULIJIEHEGONGTONGNULI。CUOSHANGSHIDANGSHIDEXIANGGUANFANGTONGGUOTAOLUN,DUIMIANLINDEWENTIXUNQIUGONGSHIHUOZHEXIANGHUTUOXIEDEGUOCHENG。CUOSHANGQIJIANDEBIANLIANGHENDUO。GEFANGCONGZISHENLIYICHUFA,ZAIBUTONGJIEDUANDUIGEZHONGBIANHUAZUOCHUBUTONGFANYING,ZHEISHICUOSHANGDECHANGTAI。ZHONGGUOZHENGFURENWEI,JINGMAOCUOSHANGSHIXUNQIUJIEJUEWENTIDEYOUXIAOTUJING。GEFANGZHIYOUZAICUOSHANGGUOCHENGZHONGDOUBAOZHESHANYIDETAIDU,CHONGFENLIJIEDUIFANGLICHANG,CAINENGWEICUOSHANGHUODECHENGGONGCHUANGZAOLIANGHAOTIAOJIAN。FOUZE,JIUWUFAXINGCHENGDACHENGZHANGQIYOUXIAOXIEYIDEJICHU,NANYIDACHENGKECHIXU、KEZHIXINGDEXIEYI。

                      CHENGXINSHICUOSHANGDEJICHU。ZHONGGUOZHENGFUSHIZHONGYICHENGXINWEIBEN,BAOZHEJIDADECHENGYIYUMEIGUOZHENGFUJINXINGCUOSHANG。ZHONGGUOGAODUZHONGSHIMEIGUOGUANQIE,NULIXUNZHAOHUAJIESHUANGFANGFENQIDEYOUXIAOTUJINGHEBANFA。SHUANGFANGYIJUXINGDE11LUNGAOJIBIEJINGMAOCUOSHANGQUDEZHONGDAJINZHAN,ZHEIXIECUOSHANGCHENGGUOJIFUHEZHONGGUOLIYI,YEFUHEMEIGUOLIYI,SHISHUANGFANGGONGTONGNULI、XIANGXIANGERXINGDEJIEGUO。ZHONGGUOZAICUOSHANGZHONGJIANGXINYONGZHONGCHENGNUO,BINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO,RUSHUANGFANGDACHENGXIEYI,ZHONGGUODUISUOZUODECHENGNUOYIDINGHUIRENZHEN、QIESHILVXING。

                    45棋牌下载  (SAN)ZHONGGUOZAIYUANZEWENTISHANGJUEBURANGBU

                    45棋牌下载  RENHEGUOJIADOUYOUZIJIDEYUANZE。CUOSHANGZHONG,YIGUODEZHUQUANHEZUNYANBIXUDEDAOZUNZHONG,SHUANGFANGDACHENGDEXIEYIYINGSHIPINGDENGHULIDE。DUIYUZHONGDAYUANZEWENTI,ZHONGGUOJUEBUTUIRANG。ZHONGMEISHUANGFANGDOUYINGKANDAOBINGCHENGRENGUOJIAFAZHANDECHAYIXING、JIEDUANXING,ZUNZHONGDUIFANGFAZHANDAOLUHEJIBENZHIDU。JIBUNENGZHIWANGTONGGUOYIGEXIEYIJIEJUESUOYOUDEWENTI,YEXUYAOQUEBAOXIEYITONGSHIMANZUSHUANGFANGDEXUQIU,SHIXIANXIEYIDEPINGHENGXING。

                    45棋牌下载  MEIGUOJINQIXUANBUTIGAODUIHUAJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,BULIYUJIEJUESHUANGBIANJINGMAOWENTI,ZHONGGUODUICIQIANGLIEFANDUI,BUDEBUZUOCHUFANYING,WEIHUZISHENHEFAQUANYI。ZHONGGUODELICHANGHETAIDUSHIYIGUANDE、MINGQUEDE,ZHONGGUOXIWANGTONGGUODUIHUAERBUSHIGUANSHUICUOSHIJIEJUEWENTI。WEILEZHONGGUORENMINDELIYI,WEILEMEIGUORENMINDELIYI,WEILEQUANSHIJIERENMINDELIYI,ZHONGGUOHUILIXINGDUIDAI,DANSHIZHONGGUOBUHUIWEIJURENHEYALI,YEZUOHAOZHUNBEIYINGJIERENHETIAOZHAN。TAN,DAMENCHANGKAI;DA,FENGPEIDAODI。

                      (SI)RENHETIAOZHANDOUDANGBUZHUZHONGGUOQIANJINDEBUFA

                      ZHONGGUODEFAZHANBUHUIYIFANFENGSHUN,BIRANHUIYOUJIANNANXIANZUSHENZHIJINGTAOHAILANG。MIANDUIGEZHONGFENGXIANHETIAOZHAN,ZHONGGUOYOUXINXINYINGNANERSHANG,HUAWEIWEIJI,KAITUOYIPIANXINTIANDI。

                    45棋牌下载  WULUNXINGSHIRUHEFAZHANBIANHUA,ZHONGGUODOUJIANCHIZUOHAOZIJIDESHIQING。TONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGFAZHANZHUANGDAZIJI,SHIYINGDUIJINGMAOMOCADEGENBENZHIDAO。ZHONGGUOGUONEISHICHANGXUQIUJUDA,GONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEDETUIJINJIANGDAILAICHANPINHEQIYEJINGZHENGLIDEQUANMIANTISHENG,CAIZHENGHEHUOBIZHENGCEYOUCHONGFENKONGJIAN,ZHONGGUONENGBAOCHIJINGJICHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANDELIANGHAOTAISHI,JINGJIQIANJINGFEICHANGLEGUAN。

                      ZHONGGUOJIANGJIXUSHENHUAGAIGEKAIFANG,ZHONGGUODEDAMENBUHUIGUANSHANG,ZHIHUIYUEKAIYUEDA。XIJINPINGZHUXIZAIDIERJIE“YIDAIYILU”GUOJIHEZUOGAOFENGLUNTANKAIMUSHIZHUZHIYANJIANGZHONGXUANBU,ZHONGGUOJIANGCAIQUYIXILIEZHONGDAGAIGEKAIFANGJUCUO,JIAQIANGZHIDUXING、JIEGOUXINGANPAI,CUJINGENGGAOSHUIPINGDUIWAIKAIFANG,BAOKUOGENGGUANGLINGYUKUODAWAIZISHICHANGZHUNRU、GENGDALIDUJIAQIANGZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUGUOJIHEZUO、GENGDAGUIMOZENGJIASHANGPINHEFUWUJINKOU、GENGJIAYOUXIAOSHISHIGUOJIHONGGUANJINGJIZHENGCEXIEDIAO、GENGJIAZHONGSHIDUIWAIKAIFANGZHENGCEGUANCHELUOSHI。YIGEGENGJIAKAIFANGDEZHONGGUO,JIANGTONGSHIJIEXINGCHENGGENGJIALIANGXINGDEHUDONG,DAILAIGENGJIAJINBUHEFANRONGDEZHONGGUOHESHIJIE。

                      结束语

                      HEZUOSHIZHONGMEILIANGGUOWEIYIZHENGQUEXUANZE,GONGYINGCAINENGTONGXIANGGENGHAODEWEILAI。ZAIZHONGMEIJINGMAOCUOSHANGZONGDEFANGXIANGSHANG,ZHONGGUOBUSHIXIANGHOUKAN,ERSHIXIANGQIANKAN。SHUANGFANGZAIJINGMAOLINGYUDEFENQIHEMOCA,ZUIZHONGXUYAOTONGGUODUIHUAHECUOSHANGLAIJIEJUE。ZHONGMEIDACHENGYIGEHULISHUANGYINGDEXIEYI,FUHEZHONGMEILIANGGUOLIYI,SHUNYINGSHIJIEGEGUOQIDAI。XIWANGMEIGUOTONGZHONGGUOXIANGXIANGERXING,BENZHEXIANGHUZUNZHONG、PINGDENGHULIDEJINGSHEN,GUANKONGJINGMAOFENQI,JIAQIANGJINGMAOHEZUO,GONGTONGTUIJINYIXIEDIAO、HEZUO、WENDINGWEIJIDIAODEZHONGMEIGUANXI,ZENGJINLIANGGUOHESHIJIERENMINFUZHI。

                      (注1)2018年2月,美国商会全球创新政策中心发布的《2018年国际知识产权指数报告》称,2018年,中国以19.08分位居50个经济体的第25位,较2017年上升2位,http://www.theglobalipcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/GIPC_IP_Index_2018.pdf。

                      (注2)2018年1月18日,中国国家知识产权局2017年主要工作统计数据及有关情况新闻发布会,http://www.sipo.gov.cn/twzb/gjzscqj2017nzygztjsjjygqkxwfbk/。

                      (注3)美中贸易全国委员会(USCBC)网站:2019 State Export Report,http://www.uschina.org/reports/2019-state-export-report,2019年5月1日。

                      (注4)中国海关总署网站:http://www.customs.gov.cn/customs/302249/302274/302275/2418393/index.html,2019年5月8日。

                      (注5)中国海关总署网站:http://www.customs.gov.cn/customs/302249/302274/302275/2418393/index.html,2019年5月8日。

                      (注6)中国商务部数据。

                      (注7)中国商务部网站:2018年1-12月全国吸收外商直接投资快讯,http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/article/tongjiziliao/v/201901/209.shtml,2019年1月15日。

                      (注8)世界贸易组织(WTO)网站:WTO Trade forecasts:Press conference,http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/spra_e/spra255_e.htm,2019年4月2日。

                      (注9)美国全国零售商联合会网站:NRF Warns USTR Tariffs Would Cost Americans Billions,Releases New Study on Consumer Impact,http://nrf.com/media-center/press-releases/nrf-warns-ustr-tariffs-would-cost-americans-billions-releases-new-study,2018年8月22日。

                      (注10)荣鼎集团网站:Assessing the Costs of Tariffs on the US ICT Industry:Modeling US China Tariffs,http://rhg.com/research/assessing-the-costs-of-tariffs-on-the-us-ict-industry,2019年3月15日。

                      (注11)贸易伙伴网站:Estimated Impacts of Tariffs on the U.S. Economy and Workers(2019),http://tradepartnership.com/reports/estimated-impacts-of-tariffs-on-the-u-s-economy-and-workers-2019,2019年2月5日。

                      (注12)世界银行网站:Global Economic Prospects,http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/global-economic-prospects,2019年1月8日。

                      (注13)国际货币基金组织网站:World Economic Outlook,http://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2019/03/28/world-economic-outlook-april-2019,2019年4月2日。


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